Legal recognition of same-sex unions in Russia and Europe
Family, as one of the most important institutions of the modern social life, is currently a site of contestation. Nowadays the essence and boundaries of the marriage institution, which has never been static, are changing in the context of ethics, morality and law. Moreover, now, in the twenty-first century, it is facing one of the most fundamental transformations in its history - the recognition of same-sex relationships.
In the context of the same-sex relationship the term of legal recognition refers to 4 main categories:
• registered partnership;
• registered cohabitation;
• unregistered cohabitateon.
By the year 2014, gays were granted the right to be married in 10 European countries, while laws, which allow LGBT people to form partnerships, were enacted in 12 countries in Europe. At the same time, there are still 11 countries in Europe, which do not recognize registered partnerships. Despite of the fact that the amount of countries, which prohibit same-sex marriage, is still large, the development of the family institution is becoming the current trend.
Activation of the LGBT people in asserting their rights is explicable. It can be considered as the result of the sexu¬al revolution, and at the same time - as the outcome of the multiculturalism politics. The idea of multiculturalism leads Europe to the slope of unification and standardization even in the sphere of interpersonal relations. Another reason for support of legalization is the political motivation.
The situation with recognition of same-sex unions in Russia is more complicated, than in Europe. In spite of the fact, that after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia liberalized some of its anti-LGBT laws, it is still one the states which do not recognize same-sex couples and do not consider them equal to the heterosexual ones. Moreover, in re¬cent years, the policy of Russian authorities concerning the rights of LGBT people has tightened. In 2013 Russia passed the law, which prohibits propaganda supporting non-traditional sexual relations to minors. Most of the foreign human rights activists consider this document as impairment of a right of freedom. http://www.multitran.ru/c/ m.exe?t=6472287_1_2&s1=%EF%F0%EE%E1%EB%E5%EC%E0%20%F3%F1%F3%E3%F3%E1%EB%FF%E5%F2%F1%FF% 20%F2%E5%EC,%20%F7%F2%EE... Exacerbating the problem is that some of Russian lawmakers proposed to make an amendment to the Constitution, which will define marriage as a union between a man and a woman. As we can see, there is still no background for legalization of same-sex unions in Russia in any way.
For the long time the issue of legalization of same-sex relationship has been a matter of intensive debate in many communities and countries all over the world. This debate is a momentous one, because it concerns the basic concepts of family and human rights. In Europe the trend of liberalization in the area of same-sex marriages is growing in strength and is supported by the majority, but in Russia there are still no conditions, including moral, ethics and religious, to legalize such kind of relations.
Т. А. Сотикова
|Опубликовано 19.12.2019 11:05 | Просмотров: 170 | Блог » RSS|